Category Archives: Metals

WORTHINGTON INDUSTRIES, INC. – Top Competitors

The following companies are the major competitors of Worthington Industries, Inc.:

  • AK Steel Holding Corporation
  • Reliance Steel Aluminum Co.
  • Intermet Corporation
  • Sanderson Farms, Inc.
  • Mittal Steel Company
  • N.V. Gibraltar Steel Corporation
  • United States Steel Corporation
  • Ryerson Tull, Inc. Steel
  • Technologies, Inc.
  • O’Neal Steel, Inc.
  • Harsco Corporation
  • Bayou Steel Corporation
  • Metals USA, Inc.

WORTHINGTON INDUSTRIES, INC. – SWOT Analysis

Worthington Industries’ principal activities are to process steel and manufacture metal products. The company manufactures products such as metal framing, pressure cylinders, automotive past model service stampings, metal ceiling grid systems and laser welded blanks in the company specializes in producing flat-rolled steel to exact customer specification but faces a challenge due to declining production in the automobile sector.

Strengths

Customized offerings

Worthington Steel forms flat-rolled steel to exact customer specifications for industrial customers, including automotive, appliance, and machinery companies. It processes steel to the precise type, thickness, length, width, shape, temper and surface quality specifics as required by customers. Customized products are usually not supplied by steel mills or steel end-users. By catering to this niche area, Worthington Steel has established itself as a leader among independent flat-rolled steel processors in the US.

Increasing return on equity

Worthington’s 5-year average ROE of 11.1% is much above the industry’s average (5.6%). This is also higher than 9.5% ROE of the company’s competitor Steel Technologies. Moreover the company’s return on equity (excluding income from unconsolidated affiliates) has increased from 1.5% in 2001 to 15.2% in 2005. The company’s return on assets (excluding income from unconsolidated affiliates) has also increased from 0.7% in 2001 to 6.8% in 2005. Increasing return on equity and return on assets implies company’s ability to increase profitability on invested capital. This also indicates effectiveness of company’s streamlining operations and improving asset quality.

Strong performances by joint ventures

Worthington, apart from its three primary business units, operates through nine joint ventures that contribute through earnings growth, geographic expansion and product diversity. Some of these joint ventures include TWB Company, Viking & Worthington Steel Enterprise, WAVE and WSP. Worthington’s share of joint ventures is significant. Earnings from the unconsolidated joint ventures contribute over 40% of the Worthington’s profits. Moreover earnings from these unconsolidated joint ventures have been consistently increasing since 2002 at CAGR of 32.6% to reach $53.8 million. Strong performance by joint ventures will enable company to expand its presence in new markets while sharing resources, operating expenses and risk.

Weaknesses


Consistent decline in profitability of the pressure cylinders division

Although the sales from pressure cylinder segment have increased, there has been a consistent decline in profitability of the division primarily because of increase in operating expenses. The division’s operating income per ton fell to $0.9 in 2005 from $2.1 in 2004. The operating margins declined to 8.2% in 2005 from 9.5% in 2004 and 10% in 2003. Falling operating margins of the segment could significantly impact the overall profitability growth of the company.

Fall in volume of sales across all product lines

Prime facia, it appears that company has performed well as revenues have risen. But this rise in revenue is either due to increase in its products prices or through current acquisitions. In terms of volume, the company’s sales (excluding acquisitions), has declined across all segments leading to 2% fall in 2005 as compared to 2004. The decline is because of 16% fall in sales from metal framing division and a 3% decrease steel processing division (which contributes over 58% of company’s revenues). Falling volume of sales in all product lines adversely affects Worthington’s operating results and financial position.

Deteriorating cash position

Worthington’s operating cash flow has fallen at a CAGR of 57.7% to $32.3 million in 2005 from $180.7 million in 2002. This is in spite of net income increasing at a CAGR of 54.5% during the same period. This reflects the company’s inability to generate cash through internal operations.

Opportunities

Widening product line and customer base

The Worthington Cylinder business expanded its product line with the acquisition of the propane and specialty gas cylinder assets of Western Industries in 2004. Western’s Propane and Specialty Cylinder Group manufactures disposable cylinders for hand torches, camping stoves, portable heaters and tabletop grills. During 2004, Dietrich Metal Framing and Pacific Steel Construction formed a joint venture named Dietrich Residential Construction to focus on the residential construction market particularly for US military. Another joint venture between Dietrich Metal Framing and Encore Coils named Dietrich Metal Framing Canada opened up new markets in Canada. These joint ventures can help the company through earnings growth, geographical expansion and product diversity.

Growth in the nonresidential construction market

Spending on nonresidential construction in the US started to gain momentum in the second half of 2004, and the so far in 2005 it has achieved a growth of 7%. This is expected to continue during 2005 The growth will continue on account of steady growth in consumer spending, a gradual increase in total employment, high levels of corporate profits and a steady rise in capital investment by the US businesses. Spending on non-residential construction is expected to expand by at least 6% in 2005. Since steel is an important construction material, increasing construction activities will raise the demand for steel providing a boost to company’s sales.

Streamlining activities to focus on core business

The company is divesting non-core assets in line with its hub and spoke model i.e. all business segments relate to the steel processing core competency. In process of streamlining the company sold Decatur, cold rolling assets to Nucor Corporation in August 2004. The company is divested its non-core assets and reinvested in higher growth businesses such as Dietrich and Unimast in the metal framing segment. The restructuring will enhance company’s asset quality, improve financial performance and provide a base for growth in the future.

Threats

Increasing consolidation in the steel industry

Steel industry is getting increasingly consolidated. After Mittal-ISG merger in 2005 the three largest steelmakers command 77% of all domestic shipments of all sheet products. Increasing concentration within the steel manufacturing industry would mean more bargaining power with the suppliers. Since Worthington is a processor of steel (not manufacturer), greater supplier power could translate into margin contraction. This will increase vulnerability of Worthington to economic and market conditions.

Weakness in the automotive sector

The US auto industry is on a decline. The traditional big three – General Motors, Ford Motor and Chrysler Group, the North American unit of DaimlerChrysler, are losing ground to the overseas-based manufacturers. Only Chrysler Group posted a gain in the US market share in 2005, but managed only a little increase. The weakness in the automotive sector is reducing the overall demand for hot rolled steel. General Motors alone reduced first-half North American production by 11%, which reduced the demand for sheet steels by 250,000 tons. Since 30%-35% of Worthington’s consolidated sales are to the automotive sector, the company will be negatively impacted by production cuts by its clients such as Ford.

Excess supply over demand

Demand for consumer-oriented steel products such as sheet has been softening and this has started to pull down the price of flat steel. The decline in prices will continue as world steel production capacity exceeds the world demand by large margin. In 2004, world steel production capacity at 1.016 billion tons, exceeded world demand by more than 100 million tons. It is projected that world production capacity can reach 1.268 billion tons by 2008, compared to a demand of 1.051 billion tons. This is primarily because steel demand in China is slowing without any corresponding decrease in planned capacity. China is expected to produce more than one-third of total global production by 2007. Thus the production of steel could double in the next four years. Moreover low-cost imports from China will further dampen prices in the US. Since the company has stocked large amount of inventories purc

Non-market interventions in world steel markets

The North American steel industry is vulnerable to non-market interventions in world steel markets including China. These interventions include offering low-interest loans, providing cut-rate energy prices, paying employee health care costs or other subsidies. According to NAFTA, recent steel capacity increases are seen in countries whose governments intervene in the market to create artificial advantages for their steel industries. The government of these countries manipulate their currencies, promote export-driven investment agendas, grant government subsidies, protect their home markets and look to export markets (for steel and manufactured products) to solve their unemployment and social problems. Such interventions are resulting in increased steel production at competitive prices. This massive state supported expansion can distort the steel market in North America and worldwide.

WORTHINGTON INDUSTRIES, INC. – Products And Services Analysis

Worthington Industries*

The company recorded revenues of $3078.9* million during the fiscal year ended May 2005, an increase of 29.4% over 2004. The increase was primarily attributable to increase in price of flat rolled steel.

Worthington Industries generates revenues through its four business divisions: processed steel products (58.6% of total revenues during fiscal 2005), metal framing (27.5%), pressure cylinders (13.3%) and others (0.6%).

Revenues by Division

During the fiscal year 2005, the processed steel products division recorded revenues of $1805 million, an increase of 31.5% over fiscal 2004.

The metal framing division recorded revenues of $848 million in 2005, an increase of 28.1% over fiscal 2004.

The pressure cylinders division recorded revenues of $408.3 million in 2005, an increase of 24.2% over fiscal 2004.

The others division recorded revenues of $17.6 million in 2005, an increase of 15% over fiscal 2004.

Revenues by Geography

Not Available

WORTHINGTON INDUSTRIES, INC. – Major Products And Services

Worthington Industries shapes and processes flat-rolled steel for industrial customers, including automotive, appliance and machinery companies. The company’s products and services are categorized under the following different segments:

Processed steel-Flat
steel products

Pressure cylinders-Low-pressure LPG
containers Low-pressure refrigerant gas
cylinders High-pressure Industrial gas
cylinders
Metal framing
Steel studs Floor
systems Roof
trusses

WORTHINGTON INDUSTRIES, INC. – Locations and Subsidiaries

Head Office

Worthington Industries, Inc.
200 Old Wilson Bridge Road
Columbus
OH 43085
United States
P: 1 614 438 3210
F: 1 614 438 7948

www.worthingtonindustries.com

Other Locations and Subsidiaries

Worthington Cylinder Corporation

Worthington Armstrong Shanghai

200 Old Wilson Bridge Road

No. 7 Bridge

Columbus

ZhaoXiang

OH 43085 0391

QingPu

United States

Shanghai

P: 1 614 438 3013

201703

F: 1 614 438 3083

China

www.worthingtoncylinders.com

P: 86 21 5975 3366

F: 86 21 5975 4950

Worthington Armstrong UK

Dietrich Metal Framing

Unit 401

500 Grant Street

Princes Way Central

Suite 2226

Team Valley Trading Estate

Pittsburgh

Gateshead

PA 15219

NE11 OTU

United States

United Kingdom

P: 1 412 281 2805

P: 44 191 487 0606

www.dietrichindustries.com

F: 44 191 191 1085

Worthington Steelpac

Gerstenslager

1201 Eden Road York

200 Old Wilson Bridge Road

Pennsylvania

Columbus

PA 17402

OH 43085

United States

United States

P: 1 717 851 03 33

P: 1 614 438 3210

www.worthingtonindustries.com/gerstenslager.asp