Category Archives: Exxon Mobil Corporation

Exxon Mobil – SWOT Analysis

Exxon Mobil Corporation (Exxon Mobil) is engaged in exploration and production of crude oil and natural gas, manufacture of petroleum products, and transportation and sale of crude oil, natural gas, and petroleum products with a global presence. The company operates in more than 200 countries under the names Exxon Mobil, Exxon, Esso, and Mobil. Exxon Mobil had a strong asset base of $242 billion in 2007, an increase of 10.5% over 2006. However, slowdown in the US economy and the European Union would depress revenue growth and reduce margins of Exxon Mobil.


Strengths

Weaknesses

Leading market position Diversified revenue stream Steady financial performance Strong R&D capabilities

Legal proceedings

Employee unrest

Continued weak upstream performance in

the US

Opportunities

Threats

Increasing demand for refined products in

China

Increasing demand for liquefied natural gas

(LNG)

Capital investments

Economic slowdown in the US and the

European Union

Risks associated with conducting business

outside the US

Environmental regulations

Strengths

Leading market position

Exxon Mobil is the world’s largest publicly traded integrated petroleum and natural gas company with market capitalization of $448,638.50 as on February 2008.The company operates in more than 200 countries under the names Exxon Mobil, Exxon, Esso, and Mobil.

The company holds exploration and production acreage in 36 countries and production operations in 24 countries around the world. In 2007, seven major upstream projects started production. The total oil and gas production available for sale averaged 4.2 million oil-equivalent barrels per day in 2007.

Exxon Mobil has interests in 38 refineries located in 21 countries and markets its products through more than 32,000 retail service stations. In 2007, refinery throughput averaged 5.6 million barrels per day, and petroleum product sales were 7.1 million barrels per day. Exxon Mobil is the leading global supplier of lube basestocks and marketing finished lubricants, asphalt, and specialty products.

Exxon Mobil leads the petrochemical industry with interests in 49 wholly-owned and joint-venture facilities around the world. Leading market position across key product lines gives the company a competitive edge with a strong brand image.

Diversified revenue stream

Exxon Mobil has wide presence across various regions.The company’s revenue stream is diversified in terms of geographies. Exxon Mobil divides its geographic divisions as US and non-US.The non-US region covers the countries of Japan, Canada, the UK, Germany, Belgium, Italy, and France.

In FY2007, the company generated 31% of the total sales and operating revenues from the US, its core market. Revenues from Canada accounted for 6.9%, revenues from Japan accounted for 6.7%, and revenues from the UK accounted for 6.4% of the total revenues. Belgium contributed 5.3% to the total revenues, Germany 4.5%, Italy 4.2%, and the revenues from France accounted for the remaining 3.7%. Other countries accounted for 31.3% of the revenues. The company’s global operations and regional brand identity gives it competitive advantage over its competitors and also indicates that the company has a wider scope in increasing its revenues by utilizing its global presence. Further, its world wide presence reduces exposure to economic conditions or political stability in any once country or region.

Steady financial performance

Over the years, Exxon Mobil has delivered consistent financial results. The company had a strong asset base of $242 billion in 2007, an increase of 10.5% over 2006. The revenues of the company have increased at a CAGR of 11% during 2004-2007 from $298 billion in 2004 to $404.5 billion in 2007. Further, the sales and operating revenues revenues increased at a rate of 6.8% in 2007 over 2006.The company’s profits have followed a similar trend.The net profit of the company was recorded at $40.6 billion in fiscal year 2007, as compared to a net profit of $39.5 billion in 2006. Steady financial performance enables the company to manage its operations well and also increases the financial flexibility of the company.

Strong R&D capabilities

The company has strong research and development (R&D) capability. The company conducts research to develop new products and improve existing products, as well as to enhance manufacturing and production methods and improve service. It spent $814 million on R&D in FY2007. R&D expenses in previous years were $733 million in 2006, $712 million in 2005, $649 million in 2004, and $618 million in 2003. Because of its strong R&D capabilities, the company, for instance, in April 2008 introduced Metallyte UBW-ES, a new OPP film for flexible packaging. This sealant technology is a breakthrough for oriented polypropylene (OPP) films as it provides excellent seal strength (1500 g/2.5cm), seal integrity, and the ability to seal through product contamination in the seal area, as compared to traditional OPP films.

Further in 2008, Exxon Mobil Chemical Company introduced a new product, Enable mPE, with the potential to significantly reduce waste and energy consumption across a wide variety of film applications. Enable mPE makes packaging easier for shipping and storing bottled water, beverages, canned goods, hand soaps, detergents, health products, and beauty aids.

The company’s strong R&D capabilities provide it with a competitive advantage and help it to innovate and launch new products.

Weaknesses

Legal proceedings

Exxon Mobil is involved in many legal proceedings. In June 2008, Exxon Mobil was sued by the attorney of San Francisco. The company faced an allegation that it failed to clean up hazardous pollutants from a fueling depot at Fisherman’s Wharf. Mobil Oil operated a fueling facility at Fisherman’s Wharf between 1938 and 1992. The suit alleges that Exxon Mobil’s neglect has contaminated the soil, groundwater, tidal water, and sediment of San Francisco Bay. The suit demands that Exxon clean the site and pay the damages.

In another incident, a resident of Linden claimed to contract a rare form of stomach cancer as a result of conditions at the Bayway Refinery in Linden. This refinery was formerly owned by Exxon Mobil. The jury found Exxon Mobil responsible for the cancer called ‘peritoneal mesothelioma.’ The company had to pay $7.5 million as damages. Such cases result in huge penalties and can have adverse effects on the company’s profitability.

Employee unrest

In April 2008, workers of Mobil Producing Nigeria (MPN), an affiliate of Exxon Mobil, went on a strike over pay and working conditions.

Exxon Mobil, the largest oil producer in Nigeria, produces about 800,000 barrels per day in a joint venture with the state. The company’s equity share is around 427,000 bpd. The eight day strike by workers resulted in the stoppage of the full production of 800,000 barrels per day and forced the company to declare force majeure on its shipments. Therefore, the company could not fulfill contractural obligations to clients.The strike resulted in a decline of the Exxon Mobil’s oil production by more than half.

Further, in May 2008, port workers of Exxon Mobil carried out a strike at the Los Angeles-area refinery in Torrance, California. Such employee actions adversely affect the operations of the company and result in decline in the productivity.

Continued weak upstream performance in the US

The upstream division in the US has witnessed a consistent decline in the earnings.The net income for the US upstream operations declined 5.8% from $5,168 million in 2006 to $4,870 million in 2007. The company reported a net income for the US upstream operations of $6,200 million in 2005.

The lower net income from the US is attributed to lower net liquid (crude oil and natural gas liquid) production in the region. The net liquid production declined consistently since 2005. It declined by 15.2% from 477,000 of barrels per day in 2005 to 414,000 barrels per day in 2006. The company recorded a net liquid production of 392,000 barrels per day in 2007, a decrease of 5.3% compared with 2006. The natural gas production from the US also fell by 6.6% from 1,739 million cubic feet per day in 2005 to 1,625 million cubic feet per day in 2006. It further declined to 1,468 million cubic feet per day in 2007.

As net income from the US upstream operations contributed 12% to the consolidated upstream net income for Exxon Mobil in FY2007, continued weak earnings from the US operations would impact the consolidated financial results of the company.

Opportunities

Increasing demand for refined products in China

The demand for refined petroleum products in China is expected to rise sharply in the coming decades. China, despite substantial additions to refining capacity over the next three decades, is expected to remain a net importer of refined products in 2030. The refining capacity in China is forecast to increase from 6.2 million barrels per day in 2006 to 14.6 million barrels per day in 2030.

Over the next 10 years, the company expects about 60% percent of the world’s petrochemical demand growth to occur in Asia, with more than one-third in China alone. The company has exploration interests in China. In 2007, Exxon Mobil announced its plans to set up two joint ventures, Fujian Refining & Petrochemical Company and Sinopec SenMei (Fujian) Petroleum Company in Fujian Province with Sinopec and Saudi Aramco. The Chinese government granted the business licenses for their two joint ventures in March 2007. The two joint ventures, with a total investment of about $5 billion, will be Exxon Mobil’s first fully integrated refining, petrochemicals, and fuels marketing project with foreign participation in China.

Exxon Mobil China Petroleum and Petrochemical Company would own a 25% stake in Fujian Refining & Petrochemical Company and 22.5% stake in Sinopec SenMei (Fujian) Petroleum Company, the Fujian fuels marketing joint venture.These investments in China would enable the company to export refined products or establish fresh refining capacity and take advantage of the increasing demand for refined products in the country.

Increasing demand for liquefied natural gas (LNG)

The demand for liquid fuels is expected to increase from the 86 million oil-equivalent barrels per day, as of December 2007, to 116 million oil-equivalent barrels per day in 2030. The demand for natural gas is expected increase in North America, Europe and the Asia Pacific.

The company forecasts the global liquefied natural gas (LNG) demand to grow at more than 4% per year through 2030, driven by the demand in North America, Europe, and Asia Pacific markets. The demand for LNG would reach about 16% of the world’s gas demand by 2030. Currently, Exxon Mobil is participating in LNG projects in Qatar and Indonesia with a combined gross capacity of approximately 35 million tons per year, supplying LNG to markets in Asia, Europe, and North America. This represents about 20% of global industry capacity.

In March 2007, Exxon Mobil completed RasGas Train 5, one of the largest LNG plants in the world, for supplying gas into the northern European market. RasGas Company is a joint venture owned by Qatar Petroleum (QP) and Exxon Mobil RasGas. Over the next ten years, Exxon Mobil’s joint venture facilities in Qatar will have grown to over 60 MTA, contributing to Qatar becoming the world’s largest LNG supplier. Exxon Mobil is also developing LNG regasification terminals in the UK, the US, and offshore Italy with Qatar Petroleum. Such investments place the company in an ideal position to exploit growing demand for LNG.

Capital investments

Exxon Mobil plans to invest more than $125 billion in capital spending over the next five years to deliver major projects to meet growing world energy demand. The demand for global energy is expected to increase 1.3% per annum on average from 2005 to 2030. The company expects to participate in the start up of 19 new projects during 2008-2010, collectively adding more than 725,000 oil-equivalent barrels per day to Exxon Mobil’s production.

The demand for liquid fuels is expected to increase from the 86 million oil-equivalent barrels per day currently to 116 million oil-equivalent barrels per day in 2030. Exxon Mobil expects to start up multiple projects over the next three years across the full value chain of the liquefied natural gas (LNG) business, including production, transportation, and distribution. Using its proprietary technology, the company would commission four of the world’s largest liquefaction facilities and new LNG ships which can carry 80% more natural gas than conventional ships.

These investments aim to develop new technology, bring on new upstream projects, increase the company’s base refining capacity, and grow its chemical business.These investments also reinforce Exxon Mobil’s position as an industry leader in bringing new supplies to the market.

Threats

Economic slowdown in the US and the European Union

The company has a significant presence across the US and the European market. According to International Monetary Fund’s (IMF) World Economic Outlook, April 2008, the US and the European Union economy could face slowdown in 2008. The US GDP growth rate is likely to decline from 2.2% in 2007 to around 0.5% in 2008; and the GDP growth in the European Union market is forecasted to decline from 3.1% in 2007 to 1.8% in 2008. A weak economic outlook for these regions could depress industrial development and impact the demand for the company’s products.

Risks associated with conducting business outside the US

The company operates in more than 200 countries under the names Exxon Mobil, Exxon, Esso, and Mobil. Non-US, Exxon Mobil’s largest geographical market, accounted for 69% of the total revenues in the fiscal year 2007. In these foreign locations, the company might experience fluctuations in exchange rates, complex regulatory requirements, and restrictions on its ability to repatriate investments and earnings from its foreign operations. The company might also face changes in the political or economic conditions in the foreign countries it operates in. Such instabilities could negatively impact the revenue growth of the company.

Environmental regulations

Exxon Mobil’s businesses are subject to numerous laws and regulations relating to the protection of the environment. With rising awareness of the damage to the environment caused by industry, especially regarding global warming, regulatory standards have been continuously tightened in recent years. One of the most important developments in this area has been the introduction of the Kyoto Protocol for the reduction of greenhouse gases.The protocol calls on industrialized countries to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions level by 5.2% on an average annual basis during the 2008-2012 period, compared with 1990 emissions levels.

Further, in 2005, the US environmental protection agency (EPA) issued a ’clean air interstate rule’ (CAIR), to reduce the emission levels. According to the rule, the states have to reduce the allowable sulfur dioxide (SO2) emissions by 70% and reduce Nitrous Oxide (NOX) emissions by 60%, by 2015 compared with the 2003 levels.The company is governed by these regulations which could impose new liabilities on the company. This could result in a material decline in Exxon Mobil’s profitability in the short term.

Exxon Mobil – Locations and Subsidiaries

Head Office

Exxon Mobil Corporation
5959 Las Colinas Boulevard
Irving
Texas 75039 2298
USA
P:1 972 444 1000
F:1 972 444 1348
http://www.ExxonMobil.com

Other Locations and Subsidiaries

Exxon Mobil Aviation

Exxon Mobil Aviation Lubricants

Mailpoint 27

Technical Support Center

Exxon Mobil House

3225 Gallows Road

Ermyn Way Leatherhead

Fairfax

Surrey

Virginia 22037

England KT22 8UX

USA

GBR

Exxon Mobil Chemical Europe

Exxon Mobil Marine Fuels

Hermeslaan 2

One Alhambra Plaza

Machelen 1831

Suite 900

Belgium

Coral Gables

BEL

Florida 33134

USA

Exxon Mobil – Company View

A statement by Rex W.Tillerson, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Exxon Mobil Corporation, is given below. The statement has been taken from the company’s 2007 annual report.

To Our Shareholders:

In 2007 Exxon Mobil delivered a record $40.6 billion in net income, with each of our businesses – Upstream, Downstream, and Chemical – achieving record earnings performance. Return on average capital employed was 32 percent and cash flow from operations and asset sales was $56 billion. These exceptional results reflect the fundamental strength of our integrated businesses in a year of robust industry conditions.

Exxon Mobil’s 125th anniversary year was, by many measures, the strongest in our history.

Exxon Mobil’s total shareholder return for 2007 was 24 percent. The Corporation distributed a total of $35.6 billion to our shareholders in 2007 through dividends and share purchases to reduce shares outstanding, an increase of $3 billion from 2006. Over the past five years, we have distributed a total of nearly $118 billion to our shareholders, including a 49-percent increase in our annual dividend.

Our 2007 business results demonstrate our commitment to operational excellence, enduring business controls, and disciplined capital investment. These results also reflect Exxon Mobil’s long-term industry perspective and our ability to meet the challenges of the changing global energy landscape.

Operational excellence, underpinned by our safety and environmental performance, remains a hallmark of our success. In 2007 we achieved our best-ever safety results, with the lost-time incident rate for our combined employee and contractor workforce at a record-low level. We also recorded the fewest hydrocarbon spills ever for the Corporation, with spills to water in our marine operations leading the way at an all-time low.These accomplishments are evidence of the commitment, training, and performance of our workforce throughout our worldwide operations.

Exxon Mobil continues to pursue an industry-leading portfolio of world-class investment opportunities. In 2007 we invested nearly $21 billion in capital and exploration projects. With today’s major energy projects costing billions of dollars and operating for decades, a long-term view that transcends short-term market fluctuations and business cycles is essential.

Seven major Upstream projects started up during 2007 in Qatar, Angola, Norway, Kazakhstan, and the Netherlands. Over the next three years, we plan to participate in the start-up of another 19 major Upstream projects around the world. One of Exxon Mobil’s core competitive advantages remains our proven ability to manage large, complex energy projects under difficult conditions, on time and on budget, to help meet the growing global energy demand.

In our Downstream and Chemical businesses, we are implementing projects that increase capacity, improve yields of higher-value products, meet new product quality requirements, and further enhance our safety and environmental performance.To meet the growing demand for products in Asia, Exxon Mobil is progressing an integrated refining, petrochemicals, and fuels marketing venture in China and a second world-scale petrochemical project in Singapore.

The global energy arena is undergoing important changes. Growing populations and expanding economies, especially in developing countries, are forecast to increase world energy demand by about 30 percent between now and 2030. Oil and natural gas are expected to be the dominant energy sources to meet this growing demand, and while supplies are abundant, they are often challenging to access and develop. New sources are found in remote locations, severe conditions, and unconventional forms. Public policies in some countries also limit access or increase investment risk.

These circumstances play to Exxon Mobil’s strengths, with our outstanding and proven financial, managerial, technological, and operational capabilities. Our fundamental business strategies are key to delivering the energy the world requires while achieving sustained, industry-leading returns and growing shareholder value.

Technology is and will remain key to meeting the world’s growing energy needs. Technological innovations allow the identification and commercialization of challenged resources, optimization of operating unit performance, and development of high-performance products. Exxon Mobil invested about $3.5 billion in research and development over the past five years, demonstrating our commitment to maintaining and developing proprietary technology.

The changing energy landscape also demands that companies are good corporate citizens. Corporate citizenship is embedded in our business culture and is reflected in our ability to effectively integrate good corporate governance, safety, and a commitment to environmental and social responsibility into all aspects of our global business.We choose the course of highest integrity in all of our business interactions because we believe that a well-founded reputation for high ethical standards and strong business controls is a priceless corporate asset.

Exxon Mobil is taking active measures at our facilities to reduce emissions and minimize environmental impacts through our initiative, Protect Tomorrow. Today. We are also partnering with vehicle and engine manufacturers to develop and deploy energy-saving technologies. Additionally, we continue to invest in research and development to identify potential breakthrough innovations that could significantly reduce greenhouse gas emissions worldwide.

Our integrated business model allows us to maximize returns across the entire value chain. Our functional organization structure allows us to apply best practices and deploy expertise globally. Our operational experience allows us to deliver superior performance.These advantages ensure we are well-positioned to address the challenges of the global marketplace.

The same strengths that have enabled our past achievements prepare us to succeed in the future. We remain committed to growing long-term value for our shareholders – through high standards of operational excellence, disciplined capital investment, development of innovative technology, and the dedication and ingenuity of our employees.

Exxon Mobil – Top Competitors

The following companies are the major competitors of Exxon Mobil Corporation:

  • Chevron Corporation
  • Royal Dutch/Shell Group
  • TOTAL S.A.
  • ConocoPhillips
  • Lyondell Chemical Company
  • Valero Energy Corporation
  • BP Plc
  • Repsol YPF, S.A.
  • Imperial Oil Limited
  • Sunoco, Inc.
  • Hess Corporation

Exxon Mobil – Revenue Analysis

Overview

The company recorded sales and operating revenues of $390,328 million in the financial year ended December 2007 (FY2007), an increase of 6.8% over 2006. The US, Exxon Mobil’s largest geographical market, accounted for 31% of the sales and operating revenues in FY2007.

Exxon Mobil generates revenues through four divisions: downstream (83.2% of the sales and operating revenues in FY2007), chemical (9.4%), upstream (7.3%), and corporate and financing (0.01%).

Revenues by Division

In FY2007, the upstream division recorded revenues of $28,656 million, a decrease of 12.8% compared with 2006.

The downstream division recorded revenues of $324,816 million in FY2007, an increase of 8.8% over 2006.

The chemical division recorded revenues of $36,826 million in FY2007, an increase of 8% over 2006.

The corporate and financing division recorded revenues of $30 million in FY2007, a decrease of 18.9% compared with 2006.

Revenues by Geography

The US, Exxon Mobil’s largest geographical market, accounted for 31% of the sales and operating revenues in FY2007. Revenues from the US reached $121,144 million in 2007, an increase of 7.4% over 2006.

Canada accounted for 6.9% of the sales and operating revenues in FY2007. Revenues from Canada reached $27,284 million in 2007, an increase of 7.9% over 2006.

Japan accounted for 6.7% of the sales and operating revenues in FY2007. Revenues from Japan reached $26,146 million in 2007, a decrease of 4.5% compared with 2006.

The UK accounted for 6.4% of the sales and operating revenues in FY2007. Revenues from the UK reached $25,113 million in 2007, an increase of 1.9% over 2006.

Belgium accounted for 5.3% of the sales and operating revenues in FY2007. Revenues from Belgium reached $20,550 million in 2007, an increase of 26.3% over 2006.

Germany accounted for 4.5% of the sales and operating revenues in FY2007. Revenues from Germany reached $17,445 million in 2007, a decrease of 10.3% compared with 2006.

Italy accounted for 4.2% of the sales and operating revenues in FY2007. Revenues from Italy reached $16,255 million in 2007, an increase of 6% over 2006.

France accounted for 3.7% of the sales and operating revenues in FY2007. Revenues from France reached $14,287 million in 2007, an increase of 5.5% over 2006.

Other countries accounted for 31.3% of the sales and operating revenues in FY2007. Revenues from other countries reached $122,104 million in 2007, an increase of 10.2% over 2006.