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Cholera spreads in Haiti

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HB PORT-AU-PRINCE. After the devastating earthquake in January threatens the survivors in Haiti for the next disaster. The cholera has broken out. Nearly 200 have already died. The hospitals were fighting more than 2 500 people for diarrhea, fever and vomiting. The conditions were chaotic. The government called on Friday evening (local time) from a state of emergency. International aid organizations are trying to prevent an epidemic.

The earthquake on 12 January were killed in Port-au-Prince and in the environment far more than 220 000 people. More than one million people since then in a confined space in homeless camps.

In the population, it came to media reports on panic, the people stormed hospitals and ancillary facilities to help. How the U.S. news network CNN reported on, a U.S. expert team will travel to Haiti to determine the right antibiotic in the fight against the disease.

When it constitutes O1 cholera are the most dangerous type. Relief agencies since the earthquake in the country, focused on the overcrowded homeless camp in the capital Port-au-Prince.

Health Minister Alex Larson urged the population to hygiene must be ensured. In the coastal town of town of Saint-Marc, around 100 kilometers north of Port-au-Prince, people were treated at a makeshift seats.

Prime Minister Jean-Max Bellerive said there are not yet where the cholera bacteria originated. The authorities suspect that came after the rains of recent weeks latrines were running and the bacteria-contaminated water into the river Artibonite. The first cholera case was occurred last Tuesday. Cholera is actually atypical for Haiti. An epidemic has given it is in the country for decades.

In Port-au-Prince to put together the international relief organizations to coordinate their actions. "Our people go to the camps to educate people about the cholera," said Reginald Lubin, a member of World Vision. It is distributed soap and explains to people why they should wash their hands as often as possible.

From the camps with a total of 1.5 million inhabitants are no cholera cases have been reported. Many camps are considered better supplied than the impoverished rural areas and have the international aid in general have access to clean drinking water.

Nevertheless, warned workers. Estrella Serrano of World Vision said: "If the disease wave Port-au-Prince reached where families live in overcrowded, unsanitary camps, it is devastating."

Cholera is a life-threatening illness that is caused by bacteria (Vibrio cholerae). Most people become infected by drinking water that is polluted by sewage. The bacteria are deposited in the small intestine and secrete a toxin.

Typical symptoms include severe diarrhea and vomiting. Patients can lose more than 20 liters of fluid a day – and so many minerals. This can cause kidney failure and circulatory collapse. Sufferers can dry out and starve to death within hours. Untreated cholera often leads to death. With rapid diagnosis and treatment – especially with clean water, essential salts (electrolytes) and an antibiotic – but the prognosis is good.