Home News The state’s missing billions

The state’s missing billions


Nachwuchs mit schlechten Startbedingungen: Künftige Generationen sehen sich einem gigantischen Schuldenberg gegenüber. Quelle: dpa

Offspring with poor conditions: Future generations face a huge debt. Source: AP

BERLIN. To around € 1.7 trillion national debt has amounted to an official in Germany. But in reality account for every German far higher loads. For what conceals the official statistics, the hidden or implicit debt, that is the retirement and pensions, or because of the aging of the population in the future, sharply rising spending on health and care. For this form of government and social security – unlike any respectable businessman – No provisions. In the economic crisis, the total debt has reached a new high position.

€ 7.85 trillion, more than three times the gross domestic product is missing, currently the state to pay off this debt and to shoulder the future burdens. This shows the balance sheet submitted yesterday, generation after generation of the Research Center of the University of Freiburg treaties. The sum is higher by a quarter than a year ago. Since the so-called "sustainability gap was still at half times the GDP. Order to grow in the third year in a row, after 2006 was 350 percent of GDP initially declined to 190 percent.

Every German would have said Bernd Raffelhüschen, head of market research institute sponsored by the Foundation, paid monthly until the end of life 355 € to pay off that burden. A year ago, € 279 would have been enough (See "loads for the future").

Blame for the dramatic development is not only the economic programs and the growth acceleration law. They make up just over one third of the increase in debt. On the other hand beat the hundreds of billion euro aid programs for the banks or to support the euro yet to book. They flow in only one generation balance sheet when they should not be repaid.

Explodes is above all the hidden government debt. It is now four times as high as officially reported. The reasons for this are primarily structural reasons, such as increased life expectancy and the lack of offspring from the contributors. Here that the development is in accordance with the current forecasts of the Federal Statistical Office dramatic than in accordance with previous projections.

"But the pension scheme would have on provisions in the amount of two billion € have to pay for their performance promise for the future," says Raffelhüschen. When maintaining a sustainability gap is 700-800 billion euros. In the statutory health insurance, it looks similar to the pension.

There is the need for action particularly large, says Stefan Moog, health expert at the Research Center for Generational Contracts. He has examined whether the introduction of a health premium, the sustainability gap in health insurance could make them smaller. It could. If the federal government with courage and would help transform the entire health insurance percentage after the model of Switzerland at a premium – they would have a contributory co-insurance of children is 220 € -, the sustainability gap shrank by about one third to 72 percent of GDP. Even the proposal by Health Minister Philipp Rösler Mini premium would make the gap a little smaller. The reason is that the contribution would be perpetuated by the income of independent package. In contrast, revenue in the current system with salaried posts will continue to fall steeply because demografiebedingt shrinks the number-paid career. The number of paying lower premiums retirees rises considerably, however.

Rösler announced yesterday that he will soon present his bonus. The plans could be discussed in the next few days with the Party and Chairman of the ruling coalition, said his spokesman. The planned meeting this week of really competent government commission has therefore postponed Rösler.